A Bit More Detail

Assorted Personal Notations, Essays, and Other Jottings

Posts Tagged ‘animal rights

[NEWS] Some Sunday links

  • Al Jazeera notes that Tunisia is still on the brink, looks at the good relations between Indians and Pakistanis outside of South Asia, suspects that a largely Armenian-populated area in Georgia might erupt, and reports on satellite imagery of Boko Haram’s devastation in Nigeria.
  • Bloomberg notes that a North Korean camp survivor caught in lies might stop his campaign, reports on Arab cartoonists’ fears in the aftermath of Charlie Hebdo, notes the consequences on Portugal of a slowdown in Angola’s economy, and notes that the shift in the franc’s value has brought shoppers from Switzerland to Germany while devastating some mutual funds.
  • Bloomberg View warns about anti-immigrant movements in Europe and notes that Turkey’s leadership can’t claim a commitment to freedom of the press.
  • The Inter Press Service notes Pakistani hostility to Afghan migrants, notes disappearances of Sri Lankan cartoonists, and looks at HIV among Zimbabwe’s children.
  • Open Democracy is critical of the myth of Irish slavery, notes the uses of incivility, and observes that more French Muslims work for French security than for Al-Qaeda.
  • Wired looks at life in the coldest town in the world, and notes another setback in the fight for primate rights.

[LINK] “An Orangutan Has (Some) Human Rights, Argentine Court Rules”

Wired‘s Brandon Keim reports on the story of Sandra, an orangutan in a Buenos Aires zoo, who has been deemed to possess some human rights. This sort of story is inevitable, I think, especially given the speed with which human beings have come to realize the existence of high intelligence elsewhere in the animal world. Should this intelligence, this sapience, not be protected in ways analogous to the ways in which dependent humans are protected?

The Association of Officials and Lawyers for Animal Rights, an animal advocacy group, had asked Argentine courts recognize the 28-year-old great ape’s right to freedom from unjust imprisonment.

On Friday, an appeals court declared that Sandra, who is owned by the Buenos Aires Zoo, is a “non-human person” who has been wrongfully deprived of her freedom.

Sandra, who was born in German zoo and sent to Argentina two decades ago, at an age when wild orangutans are still living at their mother’s side, won’t be given complete freedom.

Having lived her entire life in captivity, Sandra likely could not survive in the wild. Instead, if the zoo does not challenge the decision within 10 working days, Sandra will be sent to a sanctuary in Brazil.

“This opens the way not only for other Great Apes, but also for other sentient beings which are unfairly and arbitrarily deprived of their liberty in zoos, circuses, water parks and scientific laboratories,” said lawyer Paul Buompadre, one of the activists who filed the suit, to the La Nacion newspaper.

Written by Randy McDonald

December 24, 2014 at 3:07 am

[BLOG] Some Tuesday links

  • 3 Quarks Daily writes about the ways in which Cuba, and Havana, have been seen in the American imagination.
  • Antipope Charlie Stross solicits suggestions as to what he should print with a 3-D printer.
  • Crooked Timber is alarmist about the United States, making comparisons to Pakistan and to Weimar Germany.
  • The Dragon’s Gaze links to a paper examining the simulated atmospheres of warm Neptunes.
  • The Dragon’s Tales notes that Russians are leaving France without their Mistral carriers and that Russia is talking about building its own space station.
  • Joe. My. God. notes that an Argentine court has given an orangutan limited rights.
  • Lawyers, Guns and Money notes that transgendered workers now have legal protection in the United States.
  • Marginal Revolution reflects on the new Nicaragua Canal and is skeptical about Cuba’s economic potential.
  • Personal Reflections’ Jim Belshaw links to an essay examining how New Zealand set the global 2% inflation target.
  • The Search looks at one effort in digitizing and making searchable centuries of book images.
  • Towleroad looks at Taiwan’s progress towards marriage equality and notes the refusal of the archbishop of Canterbury to explain the reasons for his opposition to equal marriage.
  • Window on Eurasia notes the different effects of the collapse in oil prices on Russia’s different reasons, looks at language conflicts in the Russian republics, and observes the revival of Belarusian nationalism.

[BLOG] Some Monday links

  • Bad Astronomy shares Dawn‘s first picture of Ceres.
  • The Crux considers whether chimpanzees should be considered people in a legal sense.
  • Cody Delistraty shares 13 vintage photos of winter in early 20th century Paris.
  • The Dragon’s Gaze links to a paper examining the current state of research into the magnetic interactions of stars with their exoplanets.
  • The Dragon’s Tales notes a new generation of brain sensors.
  • Joe. My. God. notes that Ireland’s Roman Catholic bishops are campaigning against same-sex marriage.
  • Livejournaler jsburbidge ruminates on the pitfalls of misreading the past, starting from Jack Whyte’s historical novels.
  • Language Hat reports on the digitization of old Russian books.
  • Languages of the World’s Asya Perelstvaig considers what exactly the “Russian world” actually is.
  • Marginal Revolution notes falling birth and fertility rates in the United States.
  • Livejournaler moiraj mocks Diane Francis’ claim that indigenous peoples in Australia benefit from a better land-claims settlement system than their Canadian counterparts.
  • The Planetary Society Blog’s Emily Lakdawalla reacts to Dawn‘s first picture of Ceres.
  • J. Otto Pohl compares the plights of Crimean Tatars and Palestinians.
  • The Power and the Money’s Noel Maurer updates us on Panamanian-Venezuelan relations.
  • The Russian Demographics Blog shares a projection of the Ukrainian population forward to 2100.
  • Towleroad notes how a Latvian politician destroyed her career and is now facing criminal charges by praising Nazi homophobia.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy notes that the University of Virginia can’t lodge a libel claim against Rolling Stone for its flawed rape report.
  • Livejournaler nwhyte notes some interesting long durée patterns–in net reproduction, in family wealth, in residence, and the like–in the families whose DNA was used to identify the body of Richard III.
  • Window on Eurasia notes a Russian who defines his country as an empire with rightful claims and argues about the need for non-recognition of Crimea’s annexation to be finalized.

[ISL] “Sable Island horses should be removed, says biologist”

CBC reported these weekend just past on a proposal that the herd of horses on Sable Island, almost literally a giant sand bank several hundred kilometres southeast of Nova Scotia, be removed to the mainland. Biologist Ian Jones makes a convincing two-pronged argument, that the non-native horses not only are damaging a fragile environment but that they themselves are suffering in an environment that cannot support them in health.

According to a scientific report ordered by Parks Canada, excessive inbreeding, a tiny population and extreme weather linked to global warming all pose risks of extinction to the fabled horses. Parks Canada is the newly appointed custodian of the historic sand crescent that lies about 175 kilometres off the Atlantic coast of Nova Scotia.

The herd, first introduced to the island in the 1760s and left to fend for itself since 1960, now numbers more than 500 animals but the population could drop precipitously after just one harsh winter, with food hard to access under heavy snow or ice, according to the study. The ponies also may suffer from low genetic diversity, making them less resilient to disease and prone to reproductive failure.

But Jones argues the horses “hurt” the island and “cause destruction.”

“Remote island ecosystems are the most endangered ecosystems,” he said. “Sable Island is such a place and the horses are modifying the island. They need to be removed.”

Jones adds that the island’s environment is hurting the horses.

“I love horses … and I certainly wish the very best for those horses,” he said. “Every bite they take, they get a mouthful of sand and grass. Their teeth are wearing away. They endure a lot of suffering because of the climate.

“If you or anyone kept horses in these conditions on your farm, you would be charged and convicted with cruelty to animals.”

Written by Randy McDonald

December 1, 2014 at 8:39 pm

[LINK] “Canada, EU edge toward agreement on Inuit sealskin products”

CBC notes that Canada and the European Union are entering discussions on enabling the import of Inuit-made sealskin products into the European Union. I’m not sure what I think of this, issues with the seal hunt aside. If a European market doesn’t really exist, and if similar products from elsewhere in Canada (Newfoundland) don’t have like access, is this really a durable exception?

Canada and the EU are working towards a way to separate the Inuit seal harvest from that of the East Coast seal hunt, so Canadian Inuit can take full advantage of an exemption for skins harvested by indigenous people under the 2009 EU seal ban.

In 2009, the 28-nation EU banned the import of seal products except for skins harvested by indigenous people.

The problem for Canadian Inuit is that there has been no recognized way to separate their harvest from that of the East Coast seal hunt.

Terry Audla, president of Canada’s national Inuit group, says that’s what Canada and the EU are now working towards.

Audla says a deal won’t solve the problem of low prices for seal products caused by the import ban.

“We always said that the exemption itself was an empty box because we share the same market dynamic as the East Coast sealers,” Audla says.

Written by Randy McDonald

October 15, 2014 at 9:23 pm

[LINK] “Why Not Eat Octopus?”

The New Yorker‘s Sylvia Killingsworth tackles the question of whether it is ethical to eat the intelligent octopus by, among other things, talking to chefs.

I wondered whether word of cephalopod intelligence had reached the food world, so I asked a few chefs if they had any misgivings about serving the animals at their restaurants. For Ashleigh Parsons and Ari Taymor, of Alma, in Los Angeles, the question is not what we eat but where the food is coming from and how it is treated. “The only octopus Ari can get is frozen and shipped from Japan,” Parsons told me in an e-mail. For them, sustainability is paramount, and can trump the cachet of an ingredient.

Ignacio Mattos, the chef at Estela (and formerly at Isa, where he served a whole squid), said that he recently put cuttlefish on the menu, and recalled telling his staff about how smart the creatures are. “I remember seeing this Discovery Channel documentary about them and it really blew my mind,” he wrote to me. Mattos confessed that he loved their elegant texture and taste, but added, “I might in a way have started consciously avoiding using them somehow.” Dave Pasternack, chef and co-founder of the upscale midtown seafood restaurant Esca, spoke with me last week during dinner service from a wall-mounted phone right behind his station in the kitchen. As he called out orders for sole and scampi, he assured me that he had never heard tales of octopus intelligence. “The smarter they are, the more you’d want to eat them, right?” he suggested. (I’ve always been suspicious of people who eat brains.) He insisted that there was an art to cooking octopus correctly. His includes a Neapolitan trick: a wine cork in the cooking liquid. Éric Ripert and Harold McGee dismiss this step as mere legend—to which Pasternack gleefully responds, “Éric Ripert is full of shit!”

Michael Psilakis, a successful Greek-American chef and restaurateur in New York (Kefi, Fishtag, MP Taverna), said that he’s been serving octopus for about twenty-five years but only noticed its increase in popularity over the past ten. “I remember first cooking octopus as a special, only on the weekends, and we’d do twenty orders the whole weekend. Now we do two hundred for a single shift,” he told me. He had heard about octopus intelligence many years before from a customer and Googled it. One of the first results he got was a list of the twenty-five smartest animals. “Pig was, like, number two, and sheep was on that list, too. That’s three animals specific to my cultural identity.… I sort of wondered, does that mean anything?” Psilakis said.

Written by Randy McDonald

October 8, 2014 at 2:30 am

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